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Manual for sustainable surface water resources management and review of the national legislation concerning the WFD and RES-E directives_D3.1

Date: 4 October 2011

In the Southeast European countries the structure of electricity production concerning the different energy sources is quite similar. Hydropower and fossil fuels are dominating the electrical energy market. Regarding renewable energy production hydropower is the most important source for the generation of electricity. Therefore it plays an important role to reach the targets set by the European Union in the RES-e Directive 2001/77/EC. According to the RES-e Directive EU countries have to increase their share of renewable electricity production. The RES-e Directive is among other directives one part of the “EU climate package”. The objectives of the climate package are to establish a reduction of CO2 of 20%, to increase the energy efficiency compared to 2005 by 20% and to reach an overall binding target of 20% share of renewable energy sources in energy consumption by 2020 respecting the Kyoto protocol targets (2001/77/EC).
The implementation of the Water Framework Directive is a great challenge for all Member States of the European Union. The purpose of the WFD is to preserve and to protect the status of aquatic ecosystems which have a “good ecological status”, and to improve the status of water bodies which have a “moderate status”. The classification of surface water bodies is based on biological, hydro morphological, chemical and physico-chemical quality elements (2000/60/EC).
The electricity production by hydropower shows advantages for the global CO2 balance but creates at the same time ecological impacts on the river ecosystems on a local scale. Affecting the connectivity of water bodies and injuring river ecosystems has severe hydrological effects. For this reason the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC obliges member states to reach a "good ecological status” in water bodies by the year 2015. Administrators in Southeast Europe are facing an increasing water demand, but are lacking reliable tools to evaluate the effects of water withdrawal on river systems. In addition, competition between water users is becoming a serious problem. So there is a strong need of accurate planning and optimizing the management of water resources (Harb et al, 2010).

The present report gives an overview over the implementation status of the WFD and the RES-e Directive. The main problems and actions in the different Member States were presented.

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